Middle East Research and Information Project: Critical Coverage of the Middle East Since 1971

This 1995 CIA map, often used in the media and in classrooms, reminds us that today Shi‘i Muslims are concentrated in only a few nation-states—Iran, Iraq, the Arab Gulf states, Azerbaijan and Lebanon in the Middle East, and Afghanistan, Pakistan and India in South Asia. There are also numerous ‘Alawis in Syria, Alevis in Turkey and Zaydi Shi‘a in Yemen. The vast majority of Muslims in the world, approximately 90 percent, are Sunni.

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How to cite this article:

Arang Keshavarzian "The Muslim World Is Not Flat," Middle East Report 242 (Spring 2007).