Middle East Research and Information Project: Critical Coverage of the Middle East Since 1971

Thomas Cook and Sons’ first tour excursions in 1841 mark the birth of a global industry, in a decade that also included the founding of the Cunard Lines and the Wells Fargo successor, American Express. Cook began to internationalize its operations in the 1860s, creating the first package tours for England’s consumers and turning southern Egypt into one of the original resorts of the rich and famous.

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How to cite this article:

Robert Vitalis "The Middle East on the Edge of the Pleasure Periphery," Middle East Report 196 (September/October 1995).